Relationship between knowledge on infant nutrition and infant feeding practices among mothers aged 15 to 40 years with infants 7 months to 1 year old at Marondera’s three urban health centres
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Poor infant feeding practices contribute to infant morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between knowledge on infant nutrition and infant feeding practices. Pender and Pender’s Health Promotion Model was utilised to provide a theoretical framework to guide this study. A descriptive correlation research design was used to guide the research. Simple random sampling of 80 subjects was done with mothers whose infants were 7 months to 1 year. The relationship between knowledge on infant nutrition and infant feeding practices among mothers with infants 7 months to 1 year was examined. Data was collected using a self administered questionnaire. On analysis of data on the relationship descriptive statistics were used that was, percentages and frequencies. Relationship was examined using inferential statistics. The major findings of the study showed that the majority of the women were aged 20-24years and the majority had moderate to high knowledge levels. The mean score for knowledge on infant nutrition was 29.74, and mean score on infant feeding practices was 22.48. Results revealed that there was an imperfect positive relationship between infant feeding practices and knowledge on nutrition. As knowledge increased, the infant feeding practices also improved indicated by r=.259 at p=, .05 level of significance. However, there are other factors which can influence infant feeding practices other than knowledge. Midwives need to use evidence based knowledge in their practice in order to improve the standard of care. Research will build body of knowledge to the profession hence it is wise for nurses and midwives to carryout research.
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